Around 7 am 40 (Brasilia time ) this Thursday morning (14), China held its orbital launch, successfully installing its first solar observatory, the H-alpha Solar, in Earth’s orbit Explorer, and more satellites aboard the Long March 2D rocket. The vehicle took off from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in the north of the country.
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The H-alpha Solar Explorer, the main payload of the launch, is the China’s first solar observatory, based on a sun-synchronized orbit, at about 517 km altitude. Weighing about 660 kg, the satellite will have the task of acquiring the first spectroscopic observations of the solar disk from the band spectral H-alpha.
(Image: Reproduction/China Science)
H-alpha will study solar activities and its data will help predict space weather, such as eruptions on the Sun’s surface during periods of maximum activity — which can damage Earth-orbiting satellites and ground-based electronic systems. . The mission is expected to last about three years, until the next maximum, scheduled for 660.
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Other release payloads include the experimental VHF Data Exchange System (VDES) satellite, developed by Shanghai Lizheng Satellite — which will be the basis for the development of a Chinese maritime communication constellation. In addition to this, a small project from the Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO) was also part of the load, with two CubeSats: SSS-1 and SSS-2A.
According to China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), the solar observatory has a capacity greater than the existing domestic capacity in the country. The new platform will also function with a space technology verification test. Next year, China plans to launch the Advanced Space Solar Observatory (ASO-S).
Before that, China will send a new manned mission to Shenzhou-13, towards the central module of the Chinese space station, Tianhe, around 13H37 (Brasilia time) of the day 14 of October. CASC plans to carry out more 40 flights this year with trading partners in support of the development of the Chinese space unit.
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