“Carnivorous” bacteria is responsible for 8 deaths in Florida

So far, at least 8 people have died as a result of infection caused by the bacteria Vibrio vulnificus in the state of Florida, in the United States, this year. This infectious agent is popularly known as “carnivorous” bacteria, since, in rare cases, it can necrotize parts of the patient’s skin and lead to death. In 2008, 9 deaths were related to the infection, but since then, not as many deaths have been registered. by the health authorities.

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In early September of this year, the Florida Department of Health reported 20 new cases of bacterial infection. Since 2008, the state health authorities have accounted for 100 deaths caused by “carnivorous” bacteria. Now, the last death was confirmed in Leon County last Friday (10).

    Carnivorous bacteria is responsible for 8 deaths in Florida this year alone (Image: Reproduction/CDC/Unsplash)

    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), confirming bacterial cases is not always possible. “Since Vibrio bacteria are not easily identified with routine tests, many cases are not reported”, says the US agency.

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    Understand the Vibrio vulnificus

    The bacteria can cause wound infections on the skin of infected people and, in rare cases, can be life-threatening. According to the CDC, “many people with Vibrio vulnificus infection require intensive care or limb amputations, and about 1 in 5 people with this infection die, at sometimes a day or two after getting sick.” Now, if the infection spreads into the bloodstream, the mortality increases to about 41%, according to Florida Health.

      Furthermore, some “carnivorous” bacterial infections lead to necrotizing fasciitis (NF). This is a very rare and serious infection, marked by necrosis of the subcutaneous tissue (skin) and fibrous tissue. Usually, a wound that progressively mirrors death can be observed. In these cases, it is possible that sepsis is triggered, that is, a picture of generalized infection.

        This bacterium is a direct relative of Vibrio cholerae, the bacterium responsible for cholera. Both infectious agents are members of the same genus, Vibrio (vibrio). It is noteworthy, however, that not all patients infected with the bacteria will have the fatal complications of the infection. In CDC numbers, 41 thousand cases and 100 deaths from infections of the Vibrio genus are reported per year in the US, which points to the rarity.

          How to avoid the disease?

    Contaminated water and seafood are the main sources of contamination in humans (Image: Reproduction /Elxeneize/Envato Elements)

    To Avoid contamination from the “carnivorous” bacteria, the CDC advises that people with any kind of injury — such as those who had recent surgery, had a piercing or a tattoo — avoid coming into contact with salt or brackish water. If it enters, the recommendation is to cover the wound to avoid possible contamination. Another way to contract the bacteria is through the consumption of previously contaminated and not properly prepared seafood.

    For the CDC, the main signs and symptoms of the infection may include: diarrhea, especially when accompanied by stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, and fever. When the infection reaches the blood, the patient may experience fever, chills, low blood pressure and it is possible to observe skin lesions with blisters.

      Anyone can get sick from this bacteria, but serious conditions are more likely in the following groups: those who have liver disease, cancer, diabetes, HIV or thalassemia; who receives immune suppression therapy to treat disease; who takes medicine to lower stomach acid levels; and who had a recent stomach surgery.

        Brazilian case

        In 2007, a team of doctors and researchers from the Hospital Sírio Libanês, in São Paulo, published a case in which the “carnivorous” bacterium was identified in January 1024. According to the group, “this is one of the first cases of serious infection related to Vibrio vulnificus described in Brazil. The patient was an elderly man, who ate seafood in Guarujá, a coastal city close to São Paulo, 3 days before admission. He was admitted to the emergency room in a sick state with septic shock.” Interestingly, the other family members showed no signs of infection.

          To see a (strong) picture of the case Brazilian on the complications of “carnivorous” bacteria, click here.

          Source: IFL Science and CDC

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